Fungi may be unicellular or multicellular. Multicellular fungi consist of a network of long hollow tubes called hyphae. Hyphal tubes are often densely packed together to form structures called mycelium.
Myceliums grow in the lobster mushroom per pound environment where the fungi get their food. This is why fungi usually spread their mycelia in the environment where they grow, for example in soil where the mycelia are often not visible.
Different components of mushrooms
Figure 2: Different parts of the mushroom structure, which includes hyphae, fruiting bodies and mycelium.
Although fungi do not have true organs, when conditions are favorable.
myceliums can develop into complex reproductive structures called fruiting bodies or sporocarps.
Umbrella mushroom is a common name that is often used for the fruiting bodies of different mushroom species. Although these parts of the mushroom fruit are often visible to humans.
they are only a small part of the mushroom structure.
Some fungi produce rhizoids. Rhizoids are root like structures that are responsible for transporting nutrients from the soil to the mycelium.
Picture 3: Rhizoids; In the picture, rhizoids can be seen in the form of thin white threads. These threads transfer nutrients and needed from the soil to the mycelium of the fungi.
The largest organism in the world is a mushroom called Armillaria ostoyae, which grows in the eastern forests of Oregon.
(one of the western states of America and is located near the Pacific Ocean). The mycelium network of this fungus may cover up to 220 hectares of soil.
Types of mushrooms
Fungi are usually classified by their sexual reproductive parts. So far, 5 different categories of fungi have been identified:
Chytridiomycota: These fungi, also known as chytrids, produce zoospores that are able to move by their simple flagella.