Dig a groove 7 15 cm deep and plant the awakened fresh potato today at a distance of 40 cm from each other with the sprouts facing up and pour soil on them.
Apply soil to the foot of the stem two or three times. The first soil application is done when the plant grows 10 cm.
Another method of planting potatoes.
Make a hill with well-textured soil with humus and spread the black plastic on it and dig its edge into the soil, make cross-like grooves on the plastic and plant the tuber at a depth of 10 12 cm.
After the growth of the plant and tuber formation, the tubers are revealed by tearing the plastic. One of the advantages of this method is that there is no need for soiling, less watering and no weed growth.
You can use this link to watch the video of planting and growing potatoes.
Soiling and caring for potato plants
If potato tubers are placed in the vicinity of light, the color of the tubers tends to fade and become unusable. On the other hand, if more soil is in contact with the potato stem, it will produce more roots and tubers.
With the discovery of delicate buds from the soil, there is a possibility of frostbite with spring cold. Cover the bushes with newspaper or plastic in cold nights and remove it in the morning.
To produce more roots and tubers, when the height of the plants reaches 15 cm, start giving it soil. The appearance of only a few leaves and the terminal buds of the bushes is enough.
Second soiling is also necessary. For the second time, do the same as the previous step to create a 20 cm thick mound on the bushes.
Harvesting and storage of potatoes
With the formation of tubers, it can be harvested at any time, but in agriculture at high levels, the aerial parts should turn brown and go to the dry side, cut them off with the formation of tubers and brown or dry aerial parts and wait for about two weeks.
After that, remove the tubers from the soil with a shovel.
Early and medium varieties are consumed immediately after harvesting, but late varieties are consumed daily due to their large amount and are stored.
Sometimes the home production of potatoes is slightly higher than the daily consumption limit and they must be stored and maintained in some way, although the proposed method is below basic, but it maintains potatoes at low levels.
If the temperature of the environment allows you to keep the potatoes in the soil as much as possible and do not harvest them, but you have to harvest them when the weather closes. Cut off the aerial parts that are forced and remove the tubers from the soil layers.
Keep the tubers in the open air for several hours to dry their outer surface.
Separate the tubers on the basis of size and smallness and categorize them into three categories: large, medium and small, and keep the smaller ones for immediate consumption.
At this stage, keep the tubers in the open air for a few hours, the drying of their outer surface will increase the life of the tubers in the warehouse.
Paper bags are the best container for storing tubers. If you don’t have access to such plastic bags, use brass plastic bags, but create holes in several places to create air flow.
If the number of tubers is more and it is not possible to store them inside the building, build a hole in a dry place in the garden and cover the outer surface of the hole with straw.